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Gesta regum Anglorum English Historical Society. Publications Volume 1 of Willelmi, Malmesbiriensis monachi Gesta regum Anglorum, atque Historia novella, Guillaume de  · Glastonbury's version B of the Gesta Regum Anglorum by William of Malmesbury. The following is an extract from a two volume work by the Reverend Francis Uriah Lot called Специалисты нашей компании постоянно следят за обновлениями в сфере офисных интерьеров, http blogger.com otdelenie-poluchenie-online-datinghtml заказчики Http blogger.com otdelenie-poluchenie-online-datinghtml. Купить мебель для офиса с доставкой и сборкой от производителя. Гарантия 10 лет, сертификаты. Скидки до 50%. The item Willelmi Malmesbiriensis monachi Gesta regum Anglorum, atque Historia novella represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic ... read more

Eiusdem Historiæ nouellæ lib. Eiusdem de gestis pontificum Angl. Henrici Archidiaconi Huntindoniensis Historiarum lib. Chronicorum Ethelwerdi lib. Ingulphi abbatis Croylandensis historiarum lib.

Adiecta ad finem chronologia. Bishop, R. Barker, typographi regii deputati. Book Details Published in Vaduz. Edition Notes "Reprint from a copy in the collections of The New York Public Library. Series English Historical Society. Classifications Library of Congress DA W5 a. The Physical Object Pagination 2 v. ID Numbers Open Library OLM. Community Reviews 0 Feedback? Lists containing this Book. Loading Related Books. zzzz Not in Library Libraries near you: WorldCat. aaaa Not in Library. zzzz Not in Library.

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If we can understand that VSD II is the real reflection of what William understood after having written DA; how is it that no apostolic foundation is mentioned in VSD II?

GR3 version B was composed by Henry. If this were wholly true VSD II should include the supposed momentous discovery of new understanding of a disciple or apostolic foundation posited in DA. The above quote is hardly the commendation of a man employed to search out the ancient sanctity of Glastonbury who has already stated that the Disciples of Christ built the church in DA and posited such a similar position in GR3.

Therefore, both of the latter must be interpolations. Surely modern scholarship is not going to insist these are late interpolations now they understand the motive behind such a grandiose claim and by whom it was written. is surely the same person who initially concocts the charter of St Patrick.

To highlight to the reader that the St Patrick charter was employed as evidence in the attempt in pursuit of metropolitan status, there are two indicators, Avalon and James.

These would not have been employed by Henry in the earlier attempt. The second attempt is more desperate because Henry is aware that the pope is against him personally.

Henry would test the bounds of credibility using the reputation of William of Malmesbury. By this bold assertion of concocted propaganda and impersonation, it appears as if William of Malmesbury recorded the Patrick charter in DA even if no charter was concocted or existed….

In GP William of Malmesbury expressed his view that the first founder of the monastery of Glastonbury was King Ina, acting under the advice of St Aldhelm. Grandsen [45] says: They show that William still had a strong tendency to bias when dealing with a monastery which interested him. Now the object of his favour was Glastonbury abbey, not Malmesbury. The reason for his interest in Glastonbury is not clear. and then go through the contortion of reversing this proposition later by converting Avalon into Glastonbury There would be no point of inventing the charter, which had the name Ineswitrin on it, if the charter did not exist.

If Arthur and Gildas met in the time of Melvas, how is that the Island has two names Ineswitrin and Avalon? Also, when one considers the contortions which Henry goes through to set up Avalon as Glastonbury as part of his second agenda; the fact that he was forced to convince us that Glastonbury was indeed the Island of Ineswitrin in the first place adds weight to the existence of the genuine charter. It has been necessary to undergo the ramble above while we are discussing the GR.

Without the foreknowledge of these events, much of scholarships assessment of events can still be maintained…. until the three genres are brought under the same umbrella and disparate dissociative analysis is substituted for an all inclusive synthesis of common sense.

Nor is it unlikely; for if the apostle Philip preached to the Gauls, as Freculphus says in book 2, chapter 4, we can well believe that he also sowed the seed of his preaching across the sea. It is Henry Blois who postulates Philip. Presenting himself in character as William with the pretence of probity eschewing mere speculation; the factual historian moves on to tell a more solid proof.

The seed is planted and it acts as a stepping stone. What once was tentatively posited as speculation becomes concrete fact in DA. Henry Blois uses the same format in the construction of the HRB. An episode or a persona mentioned in one of the annals is expanded upon so that there is historical reference, but the sense and situation is changed with no concern for anachronism.

Chapter 20 version B of GR3. Hence the floods of common folk streaming in by every road; the gatherings of rich men, their grandeur laid aside; the frequent visits of the saintly and the learned.

Much of this passage is reiterated in DA and is commonly understood by commentators as newly redacted material from having completed the DA rather than propaganda. Although it is obvious to say that William is concerned with the antiquity of the church as he has been commissioned to write a book on the subject , it seems to me that it is more the agenda of the interpolator of GR who constantly reminds us of its antiquity as it is him who is vying for metropolitan status based upon the establishment of early Christianity in Southern England.

Gildas, for instance, a historian not without style and insight, whom the British have to thank for such knowledge of them as exists among other peoples, spent so our fathers tell us many years at Glastonbury, attracted by the holiness of the place.

This church then is the oldest of all that I know in England, and thence derives its name. I think William did believe the church was the oldest in Briton and did in fact include the charter in GR3 and therefore knew the old church existed before King Ine as he had previously indicated in GP.

Gildas does not mention Glastonbury in De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae , and Henry Blois is relying on his bogus Life of Gildas as the authority of a connection with Gildas. Henry Blois is planting the seed again for expansion in DA. Gildas is initially posited as having spent many years at Glastonbury in GR3. Subsequently in DA, Henry Blois has turned him into a Glastonbury saint. According to the dates in the Annales Cambriae , Gildas would have been a contemporary of King Arthur.

Gildas is only otherwise mentioned in GR1 in connection with his book where William discusses the state of the Britons: it is written in the book of Gildas wisest of the Britons… [46]. As I posited earlier, there is a suspicion that Henry is the person responsible for insinuating that the Nennius volume was written by Gildas which, except for hagiographical accounts, and the Annales Cambriae , mentions Arthur by name and accounts his twelve battles.

Henry has concocted the Life of Gildas under the pseudonym of Caradoc; so it does not add up that William, supposedly relies on the authority of a contemporaneous author i.

as the Vatican copy of Nennius probably donated by Henry is supposedly authored by Gildas. One would think that the T or A versions of GR would mention Gildas at Glastonbury if Life of Gildas was not in truth a fabrication.

Yet, because Henry is the author of the Life of Gildas…. through discrimination, he avoids implicating himself as the author by not mentioning the Guinevere kidnap episode in HRB Life of Gildas being written after the Primary Historia but not the First Variant or DA. Again, it is artful confusion in that Henry implies in HRB that the work of Nennius was written by Gildas even connecting the two names in HRB.

The reader can appreciate what a vital role the Life of Gildas had in confusing modern scholars. It corroborates certain pertinent pieces of information, which, when assumed as a genuine work and not produced specifically for propaganda; the Life of Gildas inevitably becomes a stumbling block to the truth of what really transpired at Glastonbury. Chapter 20 version B of GR3 continues about the old church:. In it are preserved the bodily remains of many saints, some of whom we shall touch on in due course, and there is no part of the sacred building without the ashes of holy men, so thickly piled with relics are the floor, tiled with polished stone, the sides of the altar, and the altar itself, above and below.

One may also notice in the pavement on both sides, stones carefully placed in triangular and square patterns, and sealed with lead; and I am not irreligious if I believe that some secret holy thing lies beneath them. which turns out to be supposedly located at Glastonbury.

I still think the insistence on the sanctity is overstated as if the passage is written, bent on convincing his readers the papal authorities rather than merely stating the case as William would have done. It seems to be highlighted too often, not as anecdotal narrative as William would write, but with propagandist repetition.

The age of the place and its multitude of Saints inspire such reverence for the shrine that men would scarcely dare keep vigil there by night, or void their overflowing rheum by day; one conscious of pollution by the visions of sleep would tremble in every limb.

No one ever carried hawk or drove animal into the neighbouring graveyard, and yet went his way unscathed in person or possession. Persons obliged to undergo ordeal by fire or water who made their supplications here have, with one sole exception in living memory, been triumphantly vindicated.

If anyone had sought to raise nearby a building that might overshadow the churches light, he laid it open to ruin. It is notorious that the men of that region have no more solemn or familiar oath than to swear by the old church, and shun nothing more, from fear of immediate penalty, then to be forsworn.

Any weakness in the truth of what I say, I shall remedy with evidence, in chronological order, in my book on the antiquity of Glastonbury. On three occasions in the Glastonbury additions of GR3 version B the writer shows insecurity about the veracity of what he has written. It is Henry himself as the author of the interpolations who directs us to his vastly interpolated DA giving the appearance of William substantiating his claims about Glastonbury in a more comprehensive volume.

Nowhere else in GR is William of Malmesbury trying to convince his audience on such flimsy material citing vague tradition and un-named ancient sources. The Persons obliged to undergo ordeal by fire or water i.

one assumes is Thurstan. Chapter 21 version B of GR3. Meanwhile, I have made it clear that the resting place of so many saints richly deserves to be esteemed a little heaven on earth.

How sacred was that place, even among the Princes of the land, so that there above all other they preferred, under the protection of the mother of God, to await the resurrection, there is much to show, which, for fear of being tedious, I omit. One prince named Arthur, it turns out was awaiting the resurrection at Glastonbury. In DA, it is made clear that Henry planted the body of Arthur between the pyramids.

In GR1 William does not know where Arthur is buried and miraculously in DA the location was stipulated. The above assertion about the preference of royalty could apply to Arthur and lends credibility to the reasoning of why Arthur would be taken to Avalon. This is based purely upon how those scholars have decided to piece together their theories. What they should have realised is that the interpolator would have given a record of the disinterment rather than just the location.

To arrive at this theory one has to ignore Giraldus who may have written as early as and may well have been an eyewitness to the unearthing of Arthur. Another speculationmight be the reason for Henry Blois searching for Joseph in such a spot. Henry may have utilised the same hole in which to plant evidence of Arthur. Henry Blois, writing as William in DA, inferred that Arthur was buried in a precise location between the pyramids. If my presumption is correct he probably told King Henry of the fact the day before he died.

Therefore, it was not widely known. When the body was discovered, there would be no come back on Henry. After all, who would bury a body to be discovered after their death?

except the person who invented the bogus chivalric persona that the body represented. This GR3 passage above is reiterated nearly word for word in DA in chapter This is the reason why scholarship has assumed the addition is a later interpolation after the fact.

Henry secretes the body sometime after and it is unearthed the addition in DA is only made when Henry had planted the body whereas before GR3 and DA mirrored each other. It is the reason behind the unearthing of Arthur in that specific location in the graveyard. In DA Henry uses this same passage, but instead of being coy about which prince or nobles he is referring to which are awaiting the resurrection, he names Arthur; about whom he had only intonated in GR3 as above.

He employs the same words as if William has just added an inconsequential fact: There is much proof of how venerated the church of Glastonbury was even by the nobles of our country and how desirable of the burial, that there especially under the protection of the mother of God they might await the day of resurrection, but I omit it from fear of being tedious.

If modern scholars deem it otherwise, based on a presumption, that is their business. But, the problem remains that until one of our experts recognises that Avalon was substituted for the name of Ineswitrin where Joseph of Arimathea is really buried on the Melkin prophecy and is not the same place as Glastonbury….

and the world will still keep believing a lie which was perpetuated to extend the Roman Empire. Do we really believe Jesus as having said And I tell you that you are Peter , and on this rock I will build my church.

This is quite simply a lie and so is the resurrection as posited in the Gospels and we have a body to prove it; over which, the image on the Turin shroud was formed. That body is still extant on Burgh Island. Why otherwise would the Roman church extinguish the Templar Knights in one day? because it was them who owned the shroud and potentially had the power to bring down the lie that the Vatican had perpetuated, by crushing any residue of the traditions of the Britons i.

the true events which transpired in Britain after the crucifixion. This next section however, found in GR3 may be wholly or partially or not at all written by William.

It is found nearly word for word in DA. One thing generally unknown I would gladly tell, could I discover the truth, and that is the meaning of those pyramids which stand on the edge of the monastic graveyard a few feet from the church. The taller, which is nearer the church, has five tiers, and is 28 feet high. It threatens to collapse from old age, but still displays some ancient features, which can be deciphered though they can no longer be fully understood.

In the third too are names, Wencrest Bantomp, and Winethegn. In the fourth, Bate, Wulfred and Eanfled. The other pyramid is 26 feet high, and has four tiers, on which are inscribed Centwine, Hedde Bishop, and Bregored, and Beorward. The meaning of these I am not so rash as to determine, but I suppose the stones are hollow, and contained within them the bones of those whose names are to be read on the outside.

Certainly, it is maintained with perfect truth that Logwor is the man who once gave his name to Logworesburgh, the present Montacute; that Bregden is the origin of Brent Marsh; and that Bregored and Beorward were abbots of Glastonbury in the days of the Britons. To them, and to such others as we may meet with, I shall thenceforward gladly devote more space; for it will now be my endeavour to set out the succession of the Abbots, the gifts conferred on each for the use of the monastery, and the King from whom they came.

Firstly, in GR William does not devote more space or cover the succession of Abbots, so, it is a possibility he is referring to his endeavours in DA or this passage is copied from DA. The complexity of the issue concerning chronology is exemplified in that; if this is an interpolation how is it that William in GR3 version B is saying I shall thenceforward gladly devote more space when, if he is referring to DA, DA was completed before and supposedly when the GR3 was written c.

Not that it has much bearing on our investigation, but, the generally held view by modern scholarship is that the word Piramide was meant as a monumental cross [54] seems in this case a little stretched. On account that William has singled them out, it seems that these two piramides are given specific attention because they differ somewhat from the normal description of a monument over a tomb. However, this again presents a big problem in chronology as Bregored is mentioned both as a name on the piramide and in the charter.

These two piramides seem to be West Saxon and might mean Henry Blois has inserted the name Bregored because it is on the charter.

This cannot definitively be proved to be the case, but it hardly matches chronologically if Centwine died c. In DA chapter 35, Beorwald is successor to Bregored whereas in chap 32 of DA it says Beorwald became abbot after Haemgils.

I would suggest that on the 26 foot pyramid only Centwine, Hedde the bishop and Beorward were mentioned. I hold this view purely on the basis of date thinking the name Bregored is an addition.

The reason Henry might have done this is because there is no previous mention of Bregored anywhere else at Glastonbury or Worgrez for that matter and these names were the witnesses on the document which was being produced as proof of antiquity. One could speculate, since Ralph of Coggeshall in his Chronicon Anglicanum c.

Some commentators think it refers to an obelisk shaped cap on a cross in the graveyard. It is stated that the Pyramids are tiered. To describe the structure as possibly hollow, and to contain the amount of bones of those named by William, would indicate a tiered pyramid, not a stone shaft with a pyramidal cap.

The suggestion they are commemorative rather than sepulchral seems to differ from the postulation in the text. I do agree that a singular tomb marked in some way by what is termed a piramide in which St.

Patrick was said to be placed near the altar [57] has a commonality in meaning or design or function, but these piramides, it would seem, were large tiered exterior structures. They were also prominent enough or of significant importance to warrant the description and height enumerated of an unequivocal place which described where Arthur was buried. Why if this were a genuine update is it looking forward to writing DA which has been accomplished already?

One explanation maybe that Henry is merely leading into the next chapter concerning St Patrick while appearing to make the narrative flow so that the GR3 interpolations as seen in version B are not glaringly obvious additions into the text.

The mention of these pyramids carry out a function for Henry Blois in that they mark the spot where Arthur is eventually to be disinterred. In chapter 31 of DA Henry employs the pyramids as markers for the discovery after he is dead. The pyramids had another use for the propagandist. As Watkin observed, [58] some names were later used by the forger of St. I have concluded that the Patrick charter inserted into DA was used in a propaganda exercise to acquire metropolitan status after the death of William.

as it was Henry who added the location as part of his second agenda when he redacted the copy of DA he had already provided in Rome. Chapter 22 version B of GR3.

First, I will say a few words about St Patrick, with whom light first dawns on our recorded history. At a time when the Saxons were molesting the peace of the British, and the Pelagians [60] assailing their orthodoxy, St Germanus of Auxerre came to our aid on both fronts: the enemy he routed with the alleluia triumph song, the heretic he blasted with the apostolic thunders of the gospel.

Returning thence to his own country, he called Patrick to be a member of its household, and some years later with the authority of the Pope Celestine dispatched him to evangelise the Irish. Hence the entries in the Chronicles:. After executing his mission with vigour at the end of his life he came back home, and landed in Cornwall voyaging on his altar, which is still held in great veneration by the Cornish for its holiness, and its value in the treatment of the sick. So, he came to Glastonbury, and having become a monk and Abbot there, after some years paid the debt of nature.

Any hesitation about this statement is dispelled by the vision of one of the monks, who after the Saints death, when the tradition was already uncertain whether he had been a monk and Abbot there, and the question was much discussed, had his faith established by the following oracle.

The reader added that, if he did not fully believe, he would show what he had said, written in letters of gold. So Patrick died in the th year of his age and the year of our Lord for , which was the 47th year after his sending into Ireland. He rests on the right side of the altar of the old church, in a stone pyramid, which the devotion of later times has overlaid with silver. Hence it is an ancient custom amongst the Irish to visit Glastonbury to kiss the relics of their patron saint.

There are three statements, which at a Glance, put the claim for Patrick at Glastonbury on shaky ground: 1 Any hesitation about this statement….

Let it be stated now so that there is no confusion; St Patrick never became abbot of Glastonbury and the sole purpose of mentioning that he was an archbishop, who became abbot, confers by implication that St Patrick ran his metropolitan from Glastonbury. GR3 consists of genuine updates and material that acts as a propaganda bridge to positions held by Henry Blois which incorporate his two agendas.

The fact that this polemically motivated passage is in version B of GR3 adds to the suspicion that the above chapter is polemically motivated like many of the other passages here discussed in version B of GR3. An advantage is clearly witnessed in professing to house famous saints. Most monasteries of the era receive alms from visiting pilgrims; the more famous the saint, the more pilgrims.

If the legend of Patrick was an assured fact that he was abbot at Glastonbury , why is it here fraudulently in GR3…. The fact he was an Archbishop and later to become abbot of Glastonbury is highly dubious…. yet we can understand why Henry Blois would have added it in his claim for metropolitan. Henry uses this tentative belief to promote to a more credible status that which is accomplished in the fabrication of the St Patrick Charter.

Certainly author B in the Life of St Dunstan distinguishes between an elder and younger Patrick [61] and holds to the rumoured account of St. Patrick being buried at Glastonbury: Now Irish pilgrims, like men of other races, felt special affection for Glastonbury, not least out of their desire to honour St Patrick, who is said to have died there happily in the Lord.

Neither mentions time in Brittany with St Germanus. Nennius does however state: Saint Patrick taught the gospel in foreign nations for the space of forty years. I do not believe William himself would hold such a bold position as that found in DA or GR3 that Patrick became abbot of Glastonbury. The fact that the author Henry knows it is dubious and then concocts a ludicrous mythical supportive proof which in itself is flimsy , to my mind, confirms that it is a Henry concoction.

No suspicion would fall on the Norman Henry Blois in the glorification of a Briton or an Anglo Saxon saint. Author B does not suggest Patrick as abbot, but does say there are Irish pilgrims. It is Henry Blois who has attached the extraneous lore. It is likely that Henry Blois might have created a third book devoted to the life of St Patrick in which the Glastonburyana may well have appeared.

Whether it was written by Henry or William is a moot point as it is no longer extant if it truly did exist. Leland relates that at the end of the second book it says: Now I shall direct mind and pen to his welcome return to his homeland and his glorious passing to heaven. Chapter 23 version B of GR3. According to a well-established tradition, this later attracted hither, two eminent natives of Ireland, St Indract and St Brigid. Brigid left behind her some personal relics, a necklace, a purse, and some weaving implements, which are still displayed as a memorial of her sanctity, and healed various diseases; but whether she returned home or entered into rest at Glastonbury, is uncertain.

Indract, as we shall see in the course of our narrative was martyred near Glastonbury with seven companions, and later translated into the old church.

To my mind this is one of the genuine additions made by William. Chapter 24 version B of GR3. Patrick was succeeded in the office of Abbot by Benignus, but for how many years is uncertain. Who he was and what his name in his native tongue, is neatly given in this epitaph at Meare:. Within this to the bones of Beonna lays,.

Was Father here of the monks in ancient days. Patrick of old to serve he had the honour,. The favour that he found, and still finds, in the sight of God, is clearly shown by the miracles worked during his life in old days, and since his recent translation into the larger church. The epitaph may however indicate the uncertain discrepancy found in author B of a senior and junior Patrick.

This opens up to the possibility that there was once an abbot named Patrick but it was not the St Patrick. However, again this may well be a genuine insertion but as we will cover in chapter 13 in DA it seems highly dubious with the mention of Benignus. Chapter 25 version B of GR3. The esteem for Glastonbury felt by the great St David, Archbishop of Menevia, is too well known to need any advertisement from me.

However, as we know David was mentioned in HRB. The life of St David by Rhygyfarch ascribes the foundation of Glastonbury to St David, but the link with David will be discussed further in the chapter on DA. The antiquity and holiness of the church was established through him by heavenly vision. With seven other bishops, whose metropolitan he was, he came to take part in the dedication; and when all things needful for the ceremony were made ready, on the night preceding as was thought the festival, he fell asleep.

When he was sound asleep, he saw standing beside him the Lord Jesus, who gently asked the reason of his coming. He explained without hesitation; whereupon the Lord turned him from his purpose, saying that He had long since dedicated that church in honour of His mother, and it was wrong for such a sacrament to be repeated, and so profaned, by the hand of man. Nevertheless, in as much as you were motivated by piety and not presumption, your penalty shall not last long.

The Bishop awoke in terror. He grew pale and then at the running sore of his hand, and later no less surely welcomed the truth of the prophecy.

And, that his journey might not seem fruitless, he quickly built and dedicated another church. He then refers us to his little book which not surprisingly is the interpolated DA. As we have already explained this agenda is in pursuit of metropolitan status and coincides with the position of an apostolic foundation. We will get to this shortly and see that this simple insertion in version B replaces 35C and 36C specifically….

so it does not contradict the St David stone building. Concerning this famous and incomparable man, I find no certainty whether he died at Glastonbury, or ended his life in his own see. They say he lies with St Patrick, and the Welsh, by their habit of praying to him, and often in conversation, definitely confirm this, telling how Bishop Bernard more than once looked for his body, and in face of many protests could not find it.

So much for St David. Henry Blois imitates William and pretends probity in stating he finds no certainty concerning St David, but then makes sure the seed is planted in that St David lies near St Patrick; and St Patrick is fortuitously already established as buried at Glastonbury. Chapter 26 version B of GR3. His admirable skill contrived, while taking nothing from its sanctity, greatly to increase its beauty; and true it is that churches, when they are made more beautiful and solemn, can kindle even the dullest mind to prayer and bend to supplication the most obstinate.

as this is the crux of the polemic against Canterbury and is the cornerstone of the request for metropolitan in that…. Again, I can only reiterate the attention to the construction of the church seems to be based in propaganda as an apologia for the existence of a wooden church rather than a wattle church.

Too much is made of such a seemingly small detail and to what end? We should not forget that all these chapters we are investigating here are the B version of Glastonbury additions and are not in GR1. However, it is with the charter that William in his original DA started his evidence toward elucidating the antiquity of Glastonbury….

Chapter version B of GR3. In the year of our Lord , the fifth, that is after the arrival of St Augustine, the King of Dumnonia gave the old church land called Ineswitrin, in which it stands, quae ibi sita est comprising five hides in answer to the prayer of Abbot Worgrez.

The Chapter 27 inclusion of the charter is for the most part a genuine insertion into GR3. The charter is the clearest evidence which Henry has that the old church pre-dated Augustine.

It would be pointless averring the existence of a charter if it did not exist as a proof. If Ineswitrin did not apply to Glastonbury, to which Island did it apply? One of the reasons for the final paragraph in Life of Gildas giving the bogus etymology of Glastonbury was to make Ineswitrin appear to be synonymous with Glastonbury.

We know this has to be an interpolation as it was Henry who wrote the etymological farce in Life of Gildas and so it would only be him who avers not William that the Church stands in Ineswitrin quae ibi sita est. Considering we know that Burgh Island is the Ineswitrin in Devon, a certain amount of word play is necessary to complete the illusion of translocation. By implying as above that the old church stood in Ineswitrin quae ibi sita est in which it stands, the translocation is made.

It is plain the estate of Ineswitrin did not exist at Glastonbury. It is cleverly implied that prior to the arrival of the Saxons, the British name for the Island at Glastonbury was Ineswitrin. Author B does not mention Ineswitrin and nor does any other document but the Charter…. and as we have proposed the original prophecy of Melkin. The name of Ineswitrin is only corroborated in the fabricated charter of St Patrick which is a master piece in retro engineering of the Glastonbury legend and in the additional last paragraph of the Life of Gildas ….

both authored by Henry Blois. Chapter 28 version B of GR3. We cannot tell who this King was from the antiquity of the charter. That he was British is quite clear from his calling Glastonbury in his native tongue Ineswitrin, for that is known to have been its British name. Another point is worth notice; how ancient a foundation must be that even then was called old church.

Among its Abbots with their barbarous British names, were, besides Worgrez, Ledemund, and Bregored. The dates of their reigns are obscure, but their names and dignities are on public record in the larger church, painted up near the altar.

Happy the dwellers in that place, whom reverence for their ancient sanctuary of itself encourages to holiness of life; nor, I believe, can any perish from the way to heaven, of those who at their departing find so many patron from saints to recommend or to defend them. and William would not advocate the point! Finberg is one of the few scholars that realises Ineswitrin is not synonymous with Glastonbury and that the grant applied to elsewhere….

although most of his other speculations on Ineswitrin are misguided. As we covered earlier, Grimmer has reservations also.

Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More Calendar Translate Books Shopping Blogger Finance Photos Videos Docs. Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search Download EPUB Download PDF. Read eBook. Gesta regum Anglorum. Sumptibus Societatis , - Great Britain. Preview this book ». What people are saying - Write a review. Selected pages Title Page. Common terms and phrases Account adeo after Anglia Anglorum annis annos antea archbishop beati Beda bishop called Charles Chron consilio corpus cujus daughter death died Domini Dominicæ ecclesiæ ejusdem emperor eorum episcopus esset fecit fidem filii filio filius first Florence France fuerit great habuit hæc hujus igitur illa ille illi illius illud illum incarnationis inde Itaque juxta king kingdom licet Louis made magis Malmesbury manu Merciorum mihi multa multis multo name nihil nunc October omitted omni omnibus omnium parte pene place Pope præ præter primo primus propter quæ quatuor quem quidam quorum quos read reads rege regem reges regi regis regni regno regnum reign Rome sancti sane Saxon Chronicle scilicet See note sicut sine slain suæ suam succeeded super suum tamen tempore tunc usque viginti vita vitæ vitam Worcester year years.

Popular passages Page - Anticyris caput insanabile nunquam Tonsori Licino commiserit. O ego laevus, Qui purgor bilem sub verni temporis horam! Non alius faceret meliora poemata ; verum Nil tanti est ; ergo fungar vice cotis, acutum Reddere quae ferrum valet, exsors ipsa secandi Page 6 - Quin etiam, quia et hoc sociis quos derelinquere cogebantur aliquid commodi adlaturum putabant, murum a mari ad mare recto tramite inter urbes quae ibidem ob metum hostium factae fuerant, ubi et Severus quondam vallum fecerat, firmo de lapide conlocarunt Page - Scandzam, de qua Jordanes, historiographus Gothorum, loquitur, appulsus navi sine remige, puerulus, posito ad caput frumenti manipulo, dormiens, ideoque Sceaf nuncupatus, ab hominibus regionis illius pro miraculo exceptus et sedulo nutritus: adulta aetate regnavit in oppido quod tunc Slaswic, nunc vero Haithebi Hss.

Est autem regio illa Anglia Vetus dicta, unde Angli venerunt in Britanniam, inter Saxones et Gothos constituta. Page 11 - Wilhelmus malmesbur. Page - Deo de catholicae fidei sinceritate quam in vestris laudabiliter paginis reperimus exaratam. De peregrinis vero, qui, pro amore Dei et salute animarum suarum, beatorum apostolorum limina desiderant Page 91 - Domine virtutum, qui triumphator hodie super omnes cselos ascendisti, ne derelinquas nos orphanos, sed mitte promissum Patris in nos Spiritum veritatis; Alleluiah!

Page - Teutones, indomitum animum, ad pugnam ventum : itaque pars sudes arripere, pars saxa j acere, pars enses evaginare, postremo quicquid primum ira invenisset, eo pro armis uti ; ita furore per ecclesiam grassante, pavimentum sanguine inundavit.

Sed statim episcopis convolantibus pace inter reliquias dissidentium statuta, templum purgatum, missa festivis clamoribus acta. Page ab omnibus secularibus servitutibus, necnon regalibus tributis, majoribus et minoribus, sive taxationibus, quod nos dicimus Witereden ; sitque libera omnium rerum, pro remissione animarum et peccatorum nostrorum, Deo soli ad serviendum, sine expeditione et pontis instructione et arcis munitione, ut eo diligentius pro nobis ad 2Dommum preces sine cessatione fundant, quo eorum servitutem in aliqua parte levigamus.

Page - After him Henry of Saxony, and his descendants the three Othos, were placed, in succession, on the Imperial throne, by the suffrages of their countrymen. The extensive territories of the Saxon emperors, their eminent abilities and enterprising genius, not only added new vigour to the Imperial Bibliographic information.

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Chapter 28 version B of GR3. As long as no-one suspected Henry Blois as the fraudulent author of the chivalric Arthur in HRB, this assumption has remained tenable. Publish Date. Certainly author B in the Life of St Dunstan distinguishes between an elder and younger Patrick [61] and holds to the rumoured account of St. Гардеробы на заказ. The postscript to Patrick charter in DA which antedated the disinterment substantiated further the position that Avalon was the old name for Glastonbury.

Стол руководителя прямой. Want to Read. nulla hominum arte ut ferunt constructam, immo humanae saluti caelitus paratam- built by no human skill though prepared by heaven for the salvation of mankind. Ваш город: Москва, cache http dlya-ofisa.ru gesta-regum-anglorum-online-dating-27625.html. The B version of GR3 is mainly concerned with presenting a history of antiquity for Glastonbury for papal approval.

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